Patara, Antalya Turkey

Patara
Patara

 As one of the most important ports of the ancient Lycia, Patara is a heavenly place that enjoys nature's generosity. Patara, with its silt sand, which reminds one of a desert, its clean and clear waters, ancient city, and world-renownd beach, hosts thousands of tourists every year. Gelemis village and the ancient city of Patara lie hand in hand. The ancient city, Iocated right behind the tong beach, which extends for 18 km, includes an amphiteater, aqueducts, mausoleums, tombs, and a church, which were discovered after many archaeotogical excavations. The newly restored amphitheater dates to 2 B.C. and has a capacity to hold approximately ten thousand spectators. A littte farther in the distance, you can see the ruins of the lighthouse, which is thought to be the first Iigthouse of the world. However, a great part of the city is buried under the sand carried from one place to another by the strong winds. Acacia trees and other plants that were planted as part of a project that aimed to prevent the free transportation of sand add a special beauty to the region, white deep pink colored oleander ftowers and pine trees cornplemcnt Patara's natural beauty. The road to Patara Beach passes through the ancient city. Patara, a city with its back on a high mountain that separates a wide valley from the sea, was the place where the Ancient Greeks lit their first fire after coming to Asia Minor. Believed to have been foundod by Pataros, son of the Greek God Apollo and the nymph Lykia, Patara was also the birth place of the Apotto sect. According to Lycian rnythology, Leto gave birth to her twins Apollo and Arternis on this land and gave them their first bath in the Xanthos (called as Esen today) Creek. For this reason, the creck is considered holy according to Christian belief. Moreover, St. Nicholas, one of the greatest Christian saints who is also known as Santa Claus, was born in the third century B.C. in Patara according to Byzantine records. Only two km coast line of Patara is used as a beach. Therefore, there is only a single kiosk that sells refreshments and food. Since alI sides of the beach are open to the sea, huge waves always pound the shore in Patara. With a length of 18 km, Patara is the longest heach of Turkey with its narrowest part 280 m and widest part almost 1,500 m. It is also listed by the Ministry of Environment as a National Park and protected region. Patara's secluded beach area is also a breeding ground of Loggerhead Marine Turtles Caretta caretta. Persons who go through a sand cure in this beach, which has a type ot microorganism which used to be an indicator of a clean sea thousands of years ago, are freed lrom physical pain and aches.

 Patara is the activity center of Kas and Kalkan. Visitors come here to enjoy water sports, canoe trips, hikes in the nature, and horseback and motor safari tours in the sand dunes. We participated first in a horseback safari and then a canoe trip. in the history of early Christianity, Patara was an important episcopal center, and a busy port during the Roman period, where as today, Patara port is covered with sand dunes. The sand brought by the winds began to fill the port, which is 400 m wide and 1,600 m deep, and soon, the city became almost invisible. Indeed, the wind here blows the sand so fiercely that it is extremely difficult to keep your eyes open. One can tour the sand dunes the coastal line and the ancient city on Hafringer breed horses, provided by the tour operator. Canoe trips cover crossing the Esen Creek, which starts from the Saklikent Canyon with one branch passing through Kinik. The canoes resembles those used by American lndians.

 Esen Creek starts running under the bridge in Kinik and travels for 16 km before reaching Cayagzi (River Mouth), and it takes almost four hours to travel by canoe. lf you go to Kinik for a canoe trip, you should also visit the ancient city of Xanthos. The most striking historical edifice in this ancient city that had maintained its independence until the Persian sovereigny is the monument of war. This 8.87 meteŭ high monument consists of a massive pedestal carved in rocks and a small tomb chamber with four sides decorated with friezes. The reliefs in this chamber covered with a lid were plundered and taken to London in 1842 by British adventurer Sir Charles Fellows and the original pieces were replaced by copies made of plaster. The nearby Harpies Tomb gets its name from the mythological harpies half birds, half women creatures carrying away dead children to the underworld.

 

TELEPHONE FOR ANTALYA TURKEY

International code for Turkey: 90
Antalya Area Code: 242
For intercity calls within Turkey first dial "0" then the area code, and then the local number. For international calls first dial "00"

EMERGENCY FOR ANTALYA TURKEY

Ambulance Tel: 112 (All over Turkey)
Police Tel: 155 (All over Turkey)
Fire Tel: 110 (All over Turkey)
Gendarme Tel: 156 (All over Turkey)
Coast Guard Tel: 158 (All over Turkey)
Tourism Police Tel: 527 45 03
Tourism Information Tel: 0 800 511 07 07
Provincial Director of Tourism Tel: 343 27 60-62

HOSPITALS OF ANTALYA TURKEY

Akdeniz Clinic
Tel: 229 06 59
Antalya Hospital
Tel: 335 00 00
Gov. Hospital
Tel: 243 50 60
SSK Hospital
Tel: 345 45 50

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